Gandha Prasarini / Paederia foetida

The climber plant known as Gandha Prasarini (Paederia foetida) has ovate to lanceolate leaves. The leaves of the Gandha Prasarini are about 5 cm long and 2.5 cm wide. The leaves have lengthy petioles and are membranous as well. Purple or violet Gandha Prasarini flowers are found on scorpiod cymes. The roots of Gandha Prasarini are compressed on both sides, cylindrical or sub-cylindrical, and their exterior surface is covered in root scars. The fruits are ellipsoid, compressed, and either red or black in hue. It has a fibrous texture, a brownish appearance, a light brown inside, and a bitter flavor.


What is Gandha Prasarini

A key herb used in Ayurvedic medicine is called Gandha Prasarini (Paederia foetida). Gandha Prasarini's Sanskrit meaning is "it spreads foul odor" It is a distinguishing quality of this herb. Prasarini means spreading, and Gandha denotes stench.


It's made up of a bunch of different ingredients, like essential oils (methyl mercaptan, Linalool), Iridoid glucosides (Asperuloside, paederoside and scandoside, riterpenoids and saponins Ursolic acid, epifriedelinol, campesterol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, and friedelin), Alkaloids, fatty acids (capric, lauric, myristic, arachidic and palmitic acids), Quinones (Embelin), Valine, Tyrosine, Histidine carotene, and Vitamin C.


It has a number of medicinal qualities including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, bacterial, helminthic, and hypoglycemic. It is used to cure a variety of illnesses such as rheumatism, paralysis, abscesses, gout, diarrhea, dysentery, infertility, colic, and flatulence due to its various qualities.


Its various components are employed in a variety of Ayurvedic preparations. Its roots are used as an emetic and to treat spleen inflammation, chest pain, and herpes infection. Its leaves are used to treat herpes infection.


Classification

Kingdom: Plantae

Order: Gentianales

Family: Rubiaceae

Genus: Paederia

Species: Foetida


Habitat

From Dehradun eastward, up to an elevation of 1800 m above sea level, it can be found in the Himalayas. In addition, it is present in Assam, Bengal, Orissa, and Bihar.


Names

Botanical Name - Paederia foetida

Hindi Name – Gandhaprasarani or Pasaran

English Name - Chinese flower

Sanskrit Name - Prasarini, Gandhpatra

Telugu Name – Takkeda, Savirel

Bengali Name – Gandhabhaduliya, Gandhabhadule, Gandal

Marathi Name – Hiran- vel, Hiranvel, Haranvel

Gujarati Name – Gandhana, Prasarini

Tamil Name – Pinarisangai, Mudiyar, Kundal

Assamese Name –  Paduri lota or Bhedai lota 

Kannada Name - Hesarani, Prasarini bail

Malayalam Name - Tala nili

Punjabi Name - Prasarini

Oriya Name - Suprasara


Ayurvedic Properties

Particular

Hindi / Sanskrit

English

Rasa (Taste)

Tikta

Bitter

Guna (Physical Property)

Guru, Sara

Heavy, Flowing

Virya (Potency)

Ushna

Hot

Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)

Katu

Pungent



Effects On Doshas

It manages Kapha and Vata doshas.


Practical Uses & Benefits

  • It is effective in treating edema and any other inflammatory disorders since it possesses anti-inflammatory properties.
  • It is effective in treating joint issues like gout, arthritis, and joint discomfort.
  • It helps to balance the vata and kapha doshas in the body and the diseases that are linked to them.
  • It also enhances the quality of the semen and has aphrodisiac properties. It also possesses anthelmintic properties.
  • It provides relief from bloating and abdominal pain.
  • It boosts immunity and gives the body resistance to several infections.
  • Also, the central nervous system is stimulated by it.
  • Fever can also be treated with it.
  • It has diuretic qualities as well.
  • Fruits of this plant are used to treat toothaches.
  • It possesses antispasmodic and hepatoprotective properties.
  • Its oil is quite helpful for a variety of joint diseases.
  • This herb is a common essential component in massage oils used to balance Vata. This herb reduces pain, inflammation, and stiffness when used topically.

Part Used

Root, Leaf


Dosage

Infusion: 12-24 ml

Fresh Juice: 10-20 ml

Decoction: 50-100ml

Powder: 2-4 g