Bharangi (Clerodendrum Serratum)

The oldest herb utilized in the ayurveda system is bharangi, which is well known for supporting a healthy respiratory system and giving voices a strong rhythm. Some of its popular names are bleeding heart, bag flower, and glory bower. The leaves of the Bharangi plant are used to stimulate the appetite and for expectoration. Flowers called bharangis mimic lotuses. Rishi "Bhrigu" discovered Bharangi hundreds of years ago.


The Bharangi plant is a woody perennial shrub with stems that are obtusely quadrangular. Bharangi leaves typically have three nodes, are oval in shape, and have sharp thorns. The pulpy, greasy thorns of Bharangi are. Bharangi Flowers are grouped together and have a faint scent. They are also a light blue-pink tint. Bharangi fruits come in a batch of 16 and turn purple-black as they ripen. Bharangi Fruits appear at the conclusion of the wet season, and flowers bloom in the summer.

General Information

Clerodendrum Serratum, often known as "Bharangi," is a woody medicinal shrub that is employed in the Ayurveda system for its many medicinal benefits. It is also known as "Kasaghni" and is best utilized to treat disorders of the respiratory system. Leaf decoction has bronchodilator properties. It is a non-toxic plant, and the flowers and leaves can be eaten. The bitter, dry, anti-inflammatory, digestive, carminative, stimulant, expectorant, and anti-spasmodic properties of this plant's root are well-known. This herb contains uncinatone, scutellarein, 7-0 glucurodines, hispidulin, and others. Saponins, D-mannitol, oleanic acid, steroidal glycosides, ferulic acid, arabinose, and urosolic acid are only a few of the chemical substances found in its roots. Luteoline, polyphonolics, carbohydrates, phenolics, terpenes, and steroids are abundant in leaves.


Bharangi is a medicinal shrub that grows in warm, tropical climates. This plant has between 150 and 450 different species, and they are found all over the world. It is native to South Africa, Southern Asia, and Malaysia and is primarily found in mild temperate regions. It is also found in various parts of tropical America, northern Australia, India, and Sri Lanka. In India, areas like the Himalayan region, Bhopal, Bengal, and Bihar have easy access to bharangi plants. The ideal soil for this herb's growth is red loam.

Bharangi Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom - Plantae
  • Order - Lamiales
  • Family - Lamiaceae
  • Subfamily - Teucrioideae

  • Bharangi Name

  • Latin name - Clerodendrum serratum
  • English name - Beetle killer, Blue glory, Turk's turban moon
  • Sanskrit name - Bhramanayastika, Kasajith, Barbura, Kharashakha, Padma
  • Common names - Vtari, Beetle killer, Blue glory,  Bharangi, Kasaghni, Phajuka
  • Hindi name – Bharangi, Babhanaiti
  • Malayalam - Kankabharani
  • Bengali name - Baman hatee, Bhumijam, Bamun hatee 
  • Gujarat name - Bharangee
  • Kannada name - Gantubarangee
  • Oriya name - Chinds
  • Punjabi name - Bhadangee
  • Tamil name - Cheruteku
  • Telgu name - Canttubrarangee
  • Urdu name - Bharangi, Baharangi

  • Ayurvedic Properties


    Hindi / Sanskrit


    Rasa (Taste)

    Tikta, Katu

    Bitter, Pungent

    Guna (Physical Property)

    Laghu, Ruksha

    Light, Dry

    Virya (Potency)



    Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



    Bharangi Effects on Doshas

    It balances Kapha and Vata doshas.

    Charak Samhita

    Sushrut Samhita

    Ashtanga sanghrah

    Ashtang hridya

    Pureesh sanghrehniya - herbs that make feces larger in size.

    Pipalyadi gana.

    Pipalyadi gana

    Akradi and Sursadi gana

    Practical Uses 

    • The popular name for this herb is kasaghni, and it is used to treat chronic respiratory disorders like asthma (shwasa roga), persistent coughs, colds, and tuberculosis as well as their underlying symptoms.
    • The decoction of leaves is a natural bronchodilator and mucolytic that helps the body expel surplus mucus and phlegm.
    • Lymphadenopathy treatment involves the use of bharangi leaf paste.
    • This herb's root is used to cure a number of liver-related conditions, including jaundice.
    • It is beneficial for treating rheumatic diseases, gout, and joint discomfort, as well as for calming with Ayurveda for pitta imbalance.
    • Bharangi is used to treat various worm infestations since it has anti-microbial effects.
    • It serves as an appetizer and helps to activate the digestive system.
    • Headaches are relieved by applying Bharangi root paste on the forehead.
    • This herb's decoction is used to treat uterine fibroids, raktagulam, and cysts.
    • To remove additional pus and alleviate burning, wounds, and ulcers are treated with leaf paste. Additionally, it aids in the rapid healing of abscesses.
    • Additionally, it is used to treat abdominal tumors.
    • The anti-inflammatory qualities of this herb help to lessen inflammation.
    • It calms the kapha and vata roga.


    Bharagi Powder : 3-6 gm

    Part Used

    •  Bharagi Roots
    •  Bharagi Leaves

    Bharangi Side Effects

    This herb has no negative effects.

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