Muchkund / Bayur Tree (Pterospermum Acerifolium)

Ayurvedic wisdom was transmitted orally by Indian sages to their disciples in various locations through conferences and seminars. They have talked about every plant, every illness, and every human achievement. Ayurveda holds that certain components, known as panchamahabhutas and tridoshas, are present on earth and have an impact on every individual. Space, air, fire, water, and earth are the panchamahabhutas; Vata, pitta, and Kapha are the tridoshas. To ensure that our body is always prepared to fend against illnesses, all of these need to be in a balanced state. Many people possess both dosha qualities since their Prakriti is made up of two doshas, such as vata-pitta or kapha-pittaj. Our food choices have an impact on these Prakriti, and when they get vitiated, we can become ill with a number of diseases. We will talk about one such herb in this post that works directly on our doshas and supports our body's ability to balance Prakriti and doshas.

General Information

The muchkund tree is an evergreen that is also known by the English names Bayur tree, Maple Leafed Bayur tree, and Dinner Plate Tree. Its scientific name is Pterospermum acerifolium, and it is a member of the Sterculiaceae family. Many names are given to it around the world: in Bengali, Muchakund Chompa; in Hindi, Muchakuna; in Telugu, Lolugu; and in Sanskrit, Chitraka, kshatra Vruksha, Prativishnuka, Lakshmanaka, and many more. Its fruits become ready after a year of flowering, and its blossoms bloom from March through July.

Special Note About Bayur Tree

This plant grows in regions that are eastern, southern, or western, particularly in regions that are northern, kokan, West Bengal, Orissa, and Assam.

  • This herb, which Bhavprakash Nighantu mentions in Aushadhi Varga, is supposed to help with some ailments.
  • Raj Nighatu has also examined this herbal remedy and stated that it is a helpful plant for ulcers, skin ailments, and dosha vitiation.

Systemic Classification

  • Botanical Name - Pterospermum acerifolium
  • Family - Sterculiaceae
  • Genus - Pterospermum
  • Species - P. acerifolium


  • Bahupatra - has many leaves
  • Supushpa - having beautiful flowers
  • Sudala - having beautiful petals
  • Haripriya - Lord Vishnu likes flowers.


  • This enormous tree, which reaches a height of thirty meters, has grey bark that appears rusty in its newer, younger growth.
  • Its leaves are round, ranging in length from 10 to 40 cm, and have irregularly shaped, toothed lobes on their surface. They can also be rectangular or orbicular in shape.
  • White flowers with lacinate bracts are solitary in nature.
  • The linear-lanceolate sepals measure 8–12 cm in length and 1-2 cm in width.
  • Tropical trees and shrubs belong to the genus Pterospermum. It produces fragrant white, nocturnal flowers that grow in axillary fascicles.
  • The woody, rectangular, stalked capsules have a tubercled, brown look.
  • There is another form of it known as Pterospermum Canescens, which some refer to as karnikar and others as Muchkund. These features are nearly identical to those of Muchkund.

Ayurvedic Properties


Hindi / Sanskrit


Rasa (Taste)

Katu, Kashaya, Tikta

Pungent, Astringent, Bitter

Guna (Quality)



Virya (Potency)



Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



Effects On Doshas

  • It balances all the doshas like Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.
  • It helps to balance the Pitta and Kapha doshas because of its kashaya ras, and the vata dosha because of its ushna gunna.

Practical Uses

  • This plant is mostly used to treat vata and pitta-related disorders.
  • Its external application is beneficial for various viral infections, bleeding piles, and headaches.
  • This works wonders for the symptoms of pain in a variety of Vataj ailments.
  • This herb is utilized to coagulate in bleeding piles in most blood-related conditions since it has shamak diseases associated with pitta and vata.
  • To reduce bleeding piles, add its flower powder to a mixture of sugar and butter.
  • This helps with the management of throat hoarseness and cough in respiratory illnesses.
  • It is applicable to various kinds of poisoning scenarios.
  • Due to its pitta-pacifying effect, this is highly beneficial for skin-related ailments.

Part used



A dosage of 3 to 6 grams of flower or bark powder might be utilized.

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