Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens)

The Patala tree (Stereospermum suaveolens) is around 25 meters in length. It has a cylindrical form, is very brown to creamy on the outside, rough due to vertical fissures, cracks, ridges, and transverse small lenticels, and is dark brown inside with lamellation of stratification caused by the presence of fibers in concentric bands.

General Description

Patala has a number of medicinal qualities, including diuretic, heart tonic, and anti-inflammatory characteristics. Its many components are used to treat a variety of illnesses. Patala roots can help with vata imbalance and related diseases. Patala flowers have a chilly potency and are useful in the treatment of blood problems.

Chemical Constituents

Phathoquinone lapachol is found in the patala plant. The bark of patala roots includes n-triacontanol and 6-sitosterol. Lapachol, dehydro-a-lapachone, and dehydrotectol are found in the root and heartwood, whereas flavone glycosides, scutellarein, and dinatin-7-glucuronide are found in the leaves. The plant's seeds include bitter compounds, sterols, glycosides, glycoalkaloids, and non-drying oil. There is something unpleasant in its root bark. Walker 256 cancer was significantly inhibited by lapachol, which was isolated. Lapachol, Scutellarein, Dehydrotectol, oleic, palmitic, and stearic acid are among the ingredients.

Bhavaprakasha mentions Patala and Sitapatala as its two variants. Stereospermum suaveolens is classified as Patala, and Stereospermum chelonoides as Sitapatala.


  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Lamiales
  • Family: Bignoniaceae
  • Genus: Stereospermum
  • Species: S. chelonoides


It is found sparsely in deciduous forests in the hills of Mysore, Malabar, and Travancore, as well as in the North Circus and Deccan.


  • English Name: Rose Flower Fragrant
  • Botanical Name: Stereospermum suaveolens
  • Hindi Name: Padhal, Podal
  • Telugu Name: Kaligottu, Kokkesa, Podira, Kaligottu, Padiri 
  • Bengali Name: Parul
  • Punjabi Name: Padala
  • Marathi & Gujarathi Name: Padal
  • Tamil Name: Padari
  • Assamese Name: Parul
  • Kannada Name: Padramora
  • Malayalam Name: Padiri
  • Oriya Name: Boro, Patulee
  • Punjabi Name: Padal

Ayurvedic Properties


Hindi / Sanskrit


Rasa (Taste)

Tikta, Kasaya

Bitter, Astringent

Guna (Physical Property)

Laghu, Rooksha

Light, Dry

Virya (Potency)



Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



Note: Sheeta Virya, or coolant, is the flower's natural form.

Effects On Doshas

It balances all three doshas (vata, pitta, and kapha).

Classical Categorization

Charak Samhita

Sushrut Samhita


Sothahara - Herbs in the anti-inflammatory group

Aragvadhadi, Brihat panchamula, Adhobhagahara


Practical Uses

  • Diuretic - This herb's diuretic properties facilitate easy urination and maintain appropriate urine flow. Additionally, it aids in relieving the burning sensation, urinating more frequently, and having problems urinating.
  • Cardiac tonic - This herb serves as a heart tonic in addition to its many therapeutic uses. Because it strengthens the arteries and heart muscles, it contributes to the maintenance of healthy heart health. Additionally, it keeps the body's blood flow healthy.
  • It also helps with anorexia and promotes appetite.
  •  Piles - This plant is very efficient in treating piles. It helps to promote digestion and alleviates constipation. This herb also alleviates itching, inflammation, redness, soreness, and swelling around the anus.
  • Anti-inflammatory - It is used to treat edema and inflammatory disorders. It also alleviates discomfort.
  • Blood purifier -It helps in the removal of toxins from the blood and its purification.
  • It is beneficial in cases of difficulty breathing, vomiting, hiccups, and thirst.
  • Blood disorders - This herb is beneficial in the treatment of blood diseases such as anemia. This plant promotes the formation of Red Blood Cells. It also helps to alleviate anemia-related symptoms such as exhaustion, lethargy, and weakness.
  • It is beneficial in kapha and vata-related problems such as inflammation, asthma, fever, and blood disorders.
  • The root is naturally cooling and diuretic.
  • Vatakaphashamaka is vatakaphashamaka.
  • Vatapittashamaka are fruits and flowers.
  • Its flowers, vajikar, paustika, and sitala, are used as an aphrodisiac in the form of confection. It helps in the improvement of sperm quality.
  • It can help with gastritis and stomach ulcers.

Part Used

seed, leaf, kshara, Root bark, flower, 


  • Kshara: 1-2.5 gm
  • Decoction: 50-100 ml

Side Effects

There are no documented adverse effects. It is suitable for usage during lactation and in children. To be taken only under medical supervision during pregnancy.

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