Plectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)

The perennial herb Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. belongs to the Lamiaceae family and is commonly found in tropical regions of Asia, Australia, and Africa. The herb has many naturally occurring phytochemical components with excellent nutritional and medicinal qualities. Because of this, the herb is highly valued in the medical field. The plant is a treasure in horticulture due to its abundant essential oil content and aromatic qualities. Indigenous medical systems make considerable use of it to treat a wide range of illnesses, including fever, cough, headaches, colds, asthma, and skin disorders. The herb's leaves are frequently employed in traditional cuisines as flavoring agents. The herb contains antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, analgesic, and anti-epileptic qualities, according to studies. In addition, it has been shown to treat cutaneous, respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and urinary issues.

Botanical Description

Succulents having therapeutic qualities, Plectranthus amboinicus, are fragrant. Their leaves have a pleasant and invigorating scent. The plant has the potential to grow up to one meter tall. The hair on the stem is lengthy. The simple, hairy leaves have a frosted look. The corolla of the bell-shaped flowers is violet. They grow quickly, and stem cuttings are typically used to reproduce them. They can store a lot of water, so they don't require constant watering and can thrive in arid environments.

Phytochemical Constitution

About 30 nonvolatile and 76 volatile phytochemicals, including monoterpenoids, diterpenoids, triterpenoids, alcohols, esters, phenolics, aldehydes, and sesquiterpenoids, are found in the herb. However, the plant's essential oil concentration and bioactive composition vary according to the climate and geographic conditions.

Antibacterial Properties

Since ancient times, Plectranthus amboinicus has been recognized for its antimicrobial qualities. It has been shown that the herb's leaf decoction works well for bacterial tuberculosis and persistent cough. Pathogens such as Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium are inhibited in their proliferation by the leaves. P. amboinicus leaves also have anti-diabetic wound pathogen properties.

Antifungal Properties

It is clear that P. ambonicus prevents the growth of fungi that cause disease, including Penicillium and Aspergillus niger. It is well known that the essential oils in the herb work in concert with Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, and other fungi of a similar type.

Antiviral Properties

Certain phytochemical components of P. amblycinicum have been shown in recent research to possess antiviral capabilities against the Herpes simplex virus. They are well known for their ability to suppress HIV, which helps prevent AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections. Additionally, they are said to possess antiviral properties against vesicular stomatitis viruses.

Antiepileptic Properties

It has been shown that P. amboinicus is useful in treating neurological conditions including epilepsy and convulsions. The antiepileptic and anticonvulsant qualities are attributed to the presence of flavonoids and alkaloids.

Wound Healing Properties

It is well known that P. amboinicus can lower the risk of infection in those with diabetes. They reduce the levels of blood sugar. Applying P. amboinicus paste to wounds has healing properties. They shorten the wound's time to epithelialization by improving collagen deposition and wound contraction.

Larvicidal Properties

Larvicidal activity of the essential oils found in P. amboxinicus has been reported. They are thought to be useful in controlling Aedes aegypti, which lowers the risk of dengue, hemorrhagic, and yellow fever. Additionally, they work well against Anopheles mosquitoes. This is the most cost-effective and environmentally friendly way to stop diseases that are carried by mosquitoes and other larval vectors.

Analgesic Properties

  1. amboinicus fresh leaf extracts possess the capacity to regulate the suppression of pro-inflammatory mediators. They are preventive in treating headaches because of this feature. The herb's analgesic qualities are also utilized to treat neuromuscular ailments like neck and back pain.

Respiratory Disorders

When it comes to treating respiratory ailments including bronchitis, asthma, chronic coughs, and other throat illnesses, P. amoinicus is renowned for doing wonders. It is well known that they exhibit favorable bronchodilator activity, which aids in the management of catarrhal infections. Additionally, they work well as expectorants, clearing the respiratory tract of excess mucus that has become stuck.

Digestive Disorders

  1. amboinicus is the most often used treatment for digestive disorders such dyspepsia, indigestion, and diarrhea because of its carminative and digestive qualities. When a pathogen causes diarrhea, the plant's leaves are consumed with any probiotic sources, including buttermilk. The carminative qualities are caused by metabolic enzymes that are generated by the phytoconstituents in the leaves.

Cardiovascular Disorders

It is well known that P. amboinicus leaf extracts can cure cardiovascular conditions such as congestive heart failure. By increasing the sodium influx, they raise the amount of intracellular calcium that is available.

Genitourinary Disorders

Since ancient times, P. amblycystis has been shown to be beneficial in treating a variety of genitourinary illnesses. The plant's juice works well for urolithiasis problems because it dissolves any crystals that might be in the urinary tract. Additionally, they treat problems of the vagina, like excessive vaginal discharge. In numerous nations, the plant's juice is consumed as a beverage following childbirth in an effort to stop any additional genitourinary issues that can arise from a vaginal delivery.

Oral Disorders

These days, oral cavity disorders are a major problem, and people are becoming more aware of natural treatments for them. The herb's phytoconstituents are believed to stop germs from growing in the mouth, avoiding dental caries and periodontal disorders. They can be applied in addition to mouthwash.

Nutritional Value

One of the most often utilized dietary herbs is P. amboinicus. It improves the food's flavor and taste. In addition, it contains a lot of minerals, potassium, and other nutritious substances. The herb's ability to treat conditions like cardiovascular disease, neuromuscular disease, nephrological disease, etc. is only due to these minerals. Additionally, they contain notably high concentrations of carotenes, iron, zinc, copper, sodium, and potassium. It makes sense that the plant is a special dietary supplement.


With its phytochemical components, P. amblycinicum is obviously a wonder herb and a must-have supplement for preserving health. Numerous ailments have been shown to be effectively cured by the plant's bioactive components. Because of its naturally occurring, safe, and affordable bioactive ingredients, it has a bright future in the pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industries.

Leave a comment

All comments are moderated before being published