Rasona, Garlic (Allium Sativum)

It is a perennial herb that grows underground and is scapigerous and foetid. Insects and bees pollinate the hermaphrodite (having both male and female parts) blooms. Simple, long, flat, and linear leaves. Tiny white flowers arranged in circular umbels with tiny bulbils are present. Though it may thrive in both sandy and loamy soils, well-drained soil is preferred. It grows best in dry or moist soil; it cannot be planted in shadow.

General Information

Rasona is also known as Garlic and Lahsuna. It is regarded as a spice that fights aging and lengthens life. This plant has many health benefits, including cardiovascular qualities, healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels, respiratory and digestive health, and good digestive and respiratory health. Additionally, this plant strengthens hair, increases libido, and is heart and stomach tonic as well as beneficial to the eyes.

This herb has a number of bioactive chemicals that have highly medicinal properties.

  • Volatile oil - 0.06-0.1%
  • Carbohydrates - Galactose, Arabinose, etc
  • Vitamins - Riboflavin, thiamine, vit c, folic acid, Niacin
  • Amino acids - (Asparagic acid, methionine, arinic, etc.);
  • Enzymes - allinase
  • Volatile compounds - allylpropyl disulphide, allylalcohol, allylthiol, etc.


It is grown throughout India. But it is primarily found in Gujarat, Karnataka, Ludhiana, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh.


  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Phylum - Magnoliophyta
  • Class - Lilopsida
  • Order - Liliales
  • Family - Liliaceae
  • Genus - Allium
  • Species - Sativum


  • Latin Name - Allium sativum
  • Hindi - Lahsun
  • Bengal - Loshun
  • Gujrati - Lasan
  • Punjabi - Lasan
  • Tamil - Poondu
  • Urdu - Lahsun

Ayurvedic Properties


Hindi / Sanskrit


Rasa (Taste)

Madhura, Lavana, Katu, Tikta, Kashaya

Sweet, Salt, Pungent, Bitter, Astringent

Guna (Physical Property)

Snigdha, Guru, Teekshna

Oily, Heavy, Piercing

Virya (Potency)



Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



Effects on Doshas

It balances vata and kapha doshas. It increases pitta dosha.

Practical uses

  • This herb helps lower oxidative stress in the body since it is rich in antioxidants. It helps in shielding cells from harm caused by free radicals.
  • By harmonizing female hormone levels, using this herb helps reduce bone loss. When taken regularly, this plant helps ladies who are estrogen deficient overcome their condition.
  • This herb supports the body's ability to maintain normal cholesterol levels. It contributes to the body's increased levels of HDL (good cholesterol) and decreased levels of LDL (bad cholesterol).
  • This herb, which has aphrodisiac properties, raises sexual desire and libido. Resolving issues such as early ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, and sexual weakness is beneficial for men.
  • This herb works well for strengthening hair when used. It supports the robust, healthy maintenance of hair. It encourages hair development and fortifies hair follicles. It works well to lessen hair loss as well.
  • This herb is well-known for helping with digestive issues such as heartburn, stomach aches, bloating, bowel motions, gastritis, indigestion, and gastric illnesses. Additionally, it functions as a laxative, alleviating constipation. Thus, this plant can be used to cure cholera and diarrhea as well as to preserve the health of the digestive tract.
  • This plant strengthens the heart muscles since it functions as a cardiac tonic. Therefore, using this herb can help to preserve heart health.
  • Utilizing this herb is beneficial for hypertension because it lowers the body's elevated blood pressure levels.
  • This herb's antibacterial qualities are very helpful in the treatment of respiratory infections, such as coughs and throat issues. It strengthens our defenses against illness and gives our bodies more energy to do so.
  • This plant facilitates the body's release of insulin. It supports the body's ability to maintain appropriate blood sugar levels. Therefore, those with diabetes can benefit greatly from using this plant.
  • Research has shown that garlic consumption lowers the risk of stomach, esophagus, and colon cancer.
  • Using rosana oil is an effective way to reduce earache.
  • Additionally helpful in managing brain illnesses including dementia and Alzheimer's disease is this plant.
  • This herb's anti-inflammatory qualities are particularly helpful for sciatica and chest pain issues. Because using this herb reduces physical discomfort.

Part Used

  • Bulb, oil.


  • Paste - 1-6 g in divided dose per day.
  • Juice extract - 5-10 ml, once or twice a day.
  • Oil - 1-2 ml given one or more times a day.

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