Shatapushpa, Dill Seeds (Anethum Graveolens)

Anethum graveolens, which is sometimes referred to as Shatapushpa or Dill. This herb is yearly growing. It is planted not just for its aromatic leaves and seeds, but also for its usage as a vegetable. Its lovely foliage and blossoms are sometimes used as ornaments.

This plant can reach a height of 40–60 cm. The stems are covered in blue-green, scented leaves that are delicate and lacy. These leaves have tiny pinnate structures and are of the floosy kind. The flavor of these is at its peak when the first flower opens. The Shatapushpa flower has hermaphrodite properties. Bees pollinate these plants. The plant's fragrant, golden blossoms open and grow into huge, flat structures called umbels. Additionally, the seeds have an enhanced fragrant quality. True kind seeds are not found in seeds. These are tiny, light, and flat. The tiny seeds are referred to as schizocarps, or dry fruits. The oval-shaped, compressed fruits of the plants have three longitudinal ridges on their back, three lines separating them, and two flat areas. The flavor of the fruit and caraway complement each other. The single tap root system of this plant supports the entire plant. Heavy flower clusters are carried by the main stem or stalk. This plant occasionally requires assistance because of these clusters and the length of the stalk.

General Description

Shatapushpa, or Anethum graveolens, has long been utilized as a medicinal herb. Renowned for its essential oil and spiciness, this herb is highly in demand. The family Apiaceae includes this plant. It's a plant that smells wonderfully of sweat. The strong smell is the meaning of the Greek word aneeson, from which the genus is named. The Norse word dilla, meaning soothe, is where the common term "dill" originates.

The plant is known by several names, including soy and dill, but its Sanskrit name is Shatapushpa. Five thousand years ago, Egyptian healers employed this herb. It served as protection from witchcraft during the Middle Ages. Greeks utilized this plant as a sleep help.

This plant shows its vata and kapha effects. It helps in the alleviation of eye disorders, uterine pain, ulcers, and abdominal pain. It treats the "kapha" and "vata" doshas. Anti-emetic, anti-convulsion, anti-cramp, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, gastric, and mucosal-protecting qualities are all associated with this plant. Among its many benefits is an increase in progesterone concentration.

This plant has a number of significant chemical components. Proteins (15.68%), carbohydrates (36%), fatty oil, moisture (8.39%), fiber (14.80%), ash (9.8%), and mineral elements like calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, vitamin A, and niacin were all present in Anethum graveolens. Carvone (30–60%), limonene (33%), and a-phellandrene (20.61%), along with pinene, diterpene, dihydrocarvone, cineole, myrcene, paramyrcene, dillapiole, isomyristicin, myristicin, myristin, apiol, and dillapiol, are the main chemicals found in the essential oil of Anethum graveolens fruits. Total flavonoids and total phenol are present in the dill plant extract.

Essential oil is mostly made up of ingredients found in flowers and leaves. Phellandrene, limonene, and a-phellandrene are the active ingredients in leaves. The chemicals found in flowers are anethofuran, limonene, and a-phellandrene.


  • Kingdom - Plantae
  • Subkingdom - Tracheobionta
  • Superdivision - Spermatophyta
  • Division - Magnoliophyta
  • Class - Magnoliopsida
  • Subclass - Rosidae
  • Order - Apiales
  • Family - Apiaceae
  • Genus - Anethum
  • Species - A. graveolens


This plant thrives in light to medium-textured, mineral-rich soil. In the shade, it cannot grow. More water retention is needed as the plant ages in the summer. It can grow there and will tolerate the cold as well. Although it originated in Asia and the Mediterranean, it is now widespread throughout Europe, America, Germany, Greece, Norway, Sweden, Spain, Central China, and other regions.

Other Names

  • Botanical names: Anethum graveolens
  • Hindi name: Soyo
  • English name: Dill plant, Indian Dill, Dill, Dil
  • Telugu name: Sadapa Vittulu
  • Tamil name: Satakuppi
  • Bengali name: Saluka
  • Marathi name: Shepu
  • Gujarati name: Suva
  • Kannada name: Subbasoppu, Sabbasu
  • Arabian name: Shibith
  • Farsi: Shebet, Sheveed
  • French: Aneth odorant, Fenouil bâtard
  • Georgian: Kama, Ok'rop'i, Okropi, K'ama
  • German: Dill, Gurkenkraut
  • Russian: Укроп, Ukropo

Ayurvedic Properties


Hindi / Sanskrit


Rasa (Taste)

Tikta, Katu

Bitter, Pungent

Guna (Physical Property)

Laghu, Teekshna

Light, Sharp

Virya (Potency)



Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



Effects on Doshas

It increases pitta and balances the vata and kapha doshas.

Classical Categorization

Charak Samhita

Kashyapa Samhitaa

  • Asthapanopaga -Herbs used in enema therapy preparation
  • Anuvasananopaga - Herbs utilized in oil-enema treatment
  • Herbs are tonic, and revitalizing, and have qualities that support intelligence.

Practical Uses

According to the plant's entire description, shatapushpa has antiseptic, carminative, digestive, diuretic, antibacterial, laxative, stimulating effects on breast milk, and blood pressure-lowering properties.

The plant's leaves and seeds are used to treat a variety of issues.

  • Aid in Digestion - The plant contains essential oils that help stimulate the intestine's peristaltic movements, digestive juices, and bile production. This relieves indigestion and constipation.

  • Useful in Insomnia - The high content of avonoids and vitamin B complex in essential oils promotes the release of hormones that promote sound sleep.

  • Good for bone Health - Rich in calcium, plants help in restoring lost bone density brought on by conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis.

  • Controls diabetes - As it regulates serum lipids and insulin levels in corticosteroid-induced diabetes, it also regulates diabetes and insulin levels.

  • Prevent excess Gas - This helps lower gas because it has carminative qualities.

  • Boosts Immune System - With its ingredients, this plant can combat a wide range of microbes and strengthen immunity.

  • Calms down Hiccups - Plants possess qualities that enable them to regulate hiccups that result from conditions including hyperactivity, allergies, hypersensitivity, or trapped gas.

  • Prevents and cures diarrhea - Indigestion is the primary cause of this issue, and microorganisms are to blame. Monoterpenes and avonoids, which are found in this plant, are known to have antimicrobial properties.

  • Prevents dysentery - Given that fungus is the primary cause of dysentery, the plant's chemical components can also be useful in treating the condition.

  • Anti-inflammatory - This herb helps in the reduction of inflammation brought on by rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and other conditions.

Parts used

  • Fruits
  • Essential oils


  • Fruit powder - after meals, take 2 to 4 grams with normal water.
  • Essential oils - 2 to 3 drops.

Side effects

  • Burning can result from overdosing.
  • It is advised to stay away from this when you are menstruating.

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