Adhapushpi (Trichodesma indicum)

The ancient, comprehensive medical system known as Ayurveda, which has its roots in India, encourages physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Ayurvedic herbs may benefit a person's health in some ways.  The Adhapushpi plant is significant for its therapeutic qualities; it serves as the primary special ingredient in several medications. This herb efficiently treats conditions including anorexia, arthritis, dysentery, and skin problems. It is widely used in Ayurveda and homeopathic treatment. This demonstrates its impact on snake poisoning as well. Typically, its blossoms are hanging on the trousers in the other direction. In Vatarakta Chikitsa, Acharya Charaka refers to Avakpushpi as a Jeevaniya Ghrita. It is mentioned by Chakrapanidatta under the Shiro Virechana Dravya Kalpa Samgraha.

General Information

This is an erect, branching annual plant that develops to be around fifty centimeters tall. It is indigenous to the Indian subcontinent. These can be found over 1500 meters above sea level. And is typically grown in less dense places with lower water proportions, as well as in stony wastelands. These herbs are extensively discussed in Acharya Priyavrt Sharma's Dravyaguna book, which deals with rasa, veerya, gunna, and vipaka of the dravya. The acceptance of Ayurvedic medicines that are just required for critical situations is increasing with time. We must recognize that Western criteria only function in acute situations, whereas Ayurvedic pharmacology works throughout our lives. All naturally occurring herbs act on the biological systems and are made up of the pancha mahabhutas.

Special note

This is an Indian medicinal plant that is widely dispersed as a weed over the Indian subcontinent. This plant's seeds are high in linoleic acid and oleic acid, and its leaves are high in hexaconase and ethyl ester. From September to November and January to March, this plant blooms. Many researchers have reported that if crushed roots are mixed with water or prepared for decoction and then given to children, it can help with dysentery, Its flowers are reportedly used as a sudorific and pectoral, and the leaves and flowers of this plant are edible and are added to various medicines to improve their working capacity.

Different Names

  • Hindi Names - Hetmundiya, ondhaphuli, chota kulpha
  • English Names  - Indian Borage
  • Kannada Names  - Athomukhi, Kattetumbesoppu
  • Punjabi Names  - Andusi, Ratmandi
  • Telugu Names - Guvvagatti

Adhapushpi is typically found in open grasslands, wastelands, and along roadsides. It thrives in warm and tropical climates. It is native to India and is commonly found in various regions of the country. While its origin is firmly rooted in India, you can find Adhapushpi growing in neighboring countries such as Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh.

Classical Categorization

Adhahapushpi is not outlined in any Veda.

  • Shoddal nighantu - It is categorized under the Laxmanadi Varga
  • Nighantu Adarsha - It is categorized under Shleshmatakadi Varga

Systemic Classification

Kingdom: Plantae

Order: Boraginales

Scientific Name: Trichodesma indicum

Family: Boraginaceae

Genus: Trichodesma

Species: Trichodesma indicum

Classical Categorization in Ayurveda 

In Ayurveda, Adhapushpi is categorized as follows:


Hindi / Sanskrit


Rasa (Taste)

Katu, Tikta 

Pungent, Bitter

Guna (Physical Property)

Laghu, Ruksha

Light, Dry

Virya (Potency)



Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



Dosha Effect

  • Vata and Kapha doshas are balanced; excessive Pitta dosha may be aggravated.
  • This also helps to improve the digestive fire.
  • It has a carminative effect.
  • It serves as a diuretic and helps to purify the blood because of its anti-inflammatory qualities.
  • This delivers effective outcomes for any abortion and helps with dysmenorrhea by effectively contracting the uterus.

Ayurvedic Properties and Benefits

  • Adhapushpi is believed to have a range of medicinal properties in Ayurveda, including being an adaptogen, anti-inflammatory, and expectorant.
  • It is traditionally used to support respiratory health and alleviate conditions like cough, asthma, and bronchitis.
  • The herb is also considered beneficial for improving digestion and treating gastrointestinal disorders.
  • Adhapushpi is used to support overall vitality and rejuvenation and as a tonic for the body.
  • Its adaptogenic properties are believed to help the body cope with stress and promote general well-being.
  • A dose of 15 to 20 ml is used to treat irritable bowel syndrome, which is beneficial for those who suffer from diarrhea. 

Caution and Consideration

  • While Adhapushpi is generally considered safe when used under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner, it's important to exercise caution, especially in higher doses.
  • Pregnant and lactating women should consult a healthcare professional before using Adhapushpi or any other herbal remedy.
  • Individuals with specific medical conditions or those taking other medications should seek advice from a healthcare provider before incorporating Adhapushpi into their regimen.

Plant Part Used

Leaves, Stems, and Flowers, 

Dosages and Usage

  • Plant Juice can be taken up to 10 to 20 ml of Juice.
  • It is possible to consume up to 10 grams of root paste.
  • It is often used in the form of herbal powders, decoctions, or capsules.
  • Dosages should be determined by a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner based on individual needs and health conditions.

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