Danti / Red Physic Nut / Baliospermum montanum

Danti (Baliospermum montanum) is a monoecious, robust undershrub that can reach heights of 1.8 meters. The roots of this plant are sprouting herbaceous branches. Lower branches feature 3-5 lobed big, simple, sinuate-toothed leaves, while above branches have short lanceolate leaves. Numerous, unisex flowers are placed in axillary racemes. The calyx of a male flower is spherical, membraneous, long, delicately mottled, and has five to six disc glands. Sepals on female flowers are oblong and lanceolate, and they are tiny and hairy. Three-lobed capsules are the plant's fruit. The smooth, speckled seeds have oily endosperms. Flowers begin to bloom in January and February, while fruits start to appear in March.

General information

The shade-loving danti plant thrives in climates with good humidity. Among its many common names are red physic nut, wild castor, wild croton, and wild sultan seeds. It is a herb used medicinally in Ayurveda medicine to treat a variety of illnesses. Dantimool, dried roots, or leaves are utilized for a variety of therapeutic applications. This plant's seeds and roots have purgative properties. The root's solvents and extract have hepatoprotective, immune-stimulating, anticancer, antioxidant, and antibacterial properties. Glycoterpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, titerpenoids, diterpenes, saponins, and flavonoids are only a few of the chemical components it includes. This plant's leaves have anti-asthmatic and wound-healing qualities.

Special note about Danti 

According to Charaka, danti roots are covered in a paste made of pippali and madhuka to purify dantimool. This mass is then covered with mud and wrapped in grass before being tied and wrapped. Dantimool's toxicity is decreased by heating the bulk that has been wrapped.


From the Khasi Hills to Kashmir, Danti is widely cultivated in the sub-Himalayan regions. Bengal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Peninsular India all have easy access to it.


Kingdom - Plantae

Order - Malpighiales

Family - Euphorbiaceae


Latin name - Baliospermum montanum

English name - Wild castor, Wild croton, Red physic nut

Hindi name - Danti, Hakum, Hakun

Bengali name - Danti, Hakun

Gujarati name - Dantimul, Jamalgota

Marathi name - Danti

Telugu name - Ettadungida, Kanakapata

Tamil name - Kattamaraku, Niradimutta

Malayalam name - Dantika, Katalavanakku, Nagadanti

Oriya name - Donti

Burma name - Natcho

Persian name - Bedanjirekhatai

Arabic name - Habbussalantinebarri

Ayurvedic Properties


Hindi / Sanskrit


Rasa (Taste)



Guna (Quality)

Guru, Tikshna

Heavy, Sharp

Virya (Potency)



Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



Effects on dosha

It balances pitta and kapha dosha.

Charak Samhita

Sushrut Samhita


  • Bhedniya - Herbs used in purgation
  • Moolini dravas - Herbs that are mostly utilized for their roots.

Shamayadi, adhobhaghara



Rajnighantu claims there are two varieties of danti:

  • Danti (Laghu Danti)
  • Dravanti (Brehat Danti)

Practical Uses

  • Danti is a blood purifier, and danti paste is used to lessen swelling and pain. Both reduce pain by acting as analgesics.
  • This herb is used to cure fever since it contains antipyretic qualities. Additionally anti-inflammatory, this plant is used to lessen inflammation. Pittaj Jawara uses danti decoction.
  • Roots have strong laxative and purgative properties. This herb's seeds and root powder are used to treat constipation and piles patients benefit most from its use.
  • Jaundice sufferers have found danti leaves to be quite helpful.
  • By calming the kapha dosha, a decoction of leaves is used to cure bronchitis and asthma. To hasten the healing of wounds, a paste made from danti leaves is applied.
  • Danti seed extract is applied externally as a stimulant and rubefacient. This plant works well for stomach aches, bloating, and tumors in the abdomen.
  • This herb's roots have a strong, warming, and diuretic flavor. Additionally, it is useful for abdominal tumors, hemorrhoids, and splenic enlargement.
  • When root paste is applied externally to a pile mass, the pain, edema, and pile mass all decrease.
  • Danti seed oil is particularly helpful in treating vata-related conditions like paralysis, sciatica, gout, and neurological issues, among others.
  • Additionally, seed paste is used to poison snake bites.
  • Pitta and Kapha dosha are calmed by danti.

Part Used




Seed oil


Root powder - 1-3gm

Seed powder - 125-250mg

Seed oil - 3-5 drops


  • In cases of pregnancy and lactation, it is not advised.
  • Severe discomfort, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting can result in overdosing.

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