Tagar / Indian Valerian (Valeriana Wallichii)

India is the birthplace of Ayurveda, which has spread worldwide thanks to its most organic approach to treating health issues. It's a real-life science that helps our bodies and minds become more vibrant. Ayurveda offers herbal remedies or a range of other dietary supplements that meet the body's essential requirements for immunity-boosting and strength maintenance. Ayurvedic medicine is currently being warmly embraced by people all over the world since it is thought to be a very natural and pure kind of treatment that has no negative side effects for the patient. Ayurvedic herb therapy aims to keep the body in a state where no disease or health issue may upset the balance of a healthy body, rather than only treating or curing the illness. This essay will go over the benefits of the herb Tagar as well as how it can be used to treat a variety of ailments.

General Information

Tagara is used to treat a range of digestive, psychiatric, and neurological conditions. It helps to strengthen the nerves and calm the mind in very small doses. It also helps to prevent and halt convulsions and epileptic illnesses. Tagara, also referred to as Indian Valerian, is a member of the Valerianaceae family and is better known by its botanical name, Valeriana wallichii. This herb is called tagarganthoda in Gujarati, Mushkabala in Kannada, tagaramool in Marathi, Sugandha Bala in Punjabi, and tagarai in Tamil. In Sanskrit, it is called Tagar, nat, which means bending, vakra, which means curved, and nahush. There are two types of this herb: pindtagar and tagar. Pind tagar has a less fragrant appearance and a fairly circular shape. This is typically found from Bhutan to Kashmir at elevations of up to 10,000 feet above sea level.

Systemic Classification

  • Botanical Name - Valeriana wallichii
  • Family - Valerianaceae
  • Genus - Valeriana
  • Species - V. wallichii


  • Natam - The plant is not very tall.
  • Kutila or varkra or nahush - twisted rhizome


  • This herb has a long lifespan and a slightly hairy appearance.
  • Its branches reach heights of fifteen to forty-five centimeters when grouped together.
  • It has two different kinds of leaves: one that is attached to the top of the plant by branches, and the other that is present with rhizomes.
  • Rhizome leaves have a diameter of 2.5 to 7.5 cm, a heart-shaped form, and a porous look with teeth and a sharp tip in the upper portion.
  • Compared to rhizomes, branch leaves are a little shorter and do not appear porous.
  • It grows flower buds directly above the branches, which range in width from one to three inches.
  • Its flowers, which occur on several plants, are either pink or white in color.
  • Fruit helps in giving the body strength.
  • This plant has rhizomes that range in length from four to eight centimeters. They have fewer leaves than the herb's top branches and are rough, somewhat bent, and have noticeable, round root scars.

Ayurvedic Properties


Hindi / Sanskrit


Rasa (Taste)

Katu, Tikta, Kashaya 

Pungent, Bitter, Astringent

Guna (Physical Property)

Snigadh, Laghu 

Moist, Laghu 

Virya (Potency)



Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



Effects On Doshas

It balances all three doshas Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.

Practical Uses

  • This herb is good for respiratory ailments and pacifies Kapha dosha because of its Katu-Ushna taste.
  • Tagar root paste has a positive effect on wound healing and promotes quick healing.
  • Any infection or irritation that may have resulted in the paint can be relieved by infusing the tagar rhizome cold.
  • This herb is a powerful vata, kapha pacifier, cholagogue (which encourages the release of bile), somniferous (which induces sleep), analgesic, anti-convulsant, cardiac stimulant, aphrodisiac, and bodily strengthener.
  • It helps in enhancing the quality of sleep and efficiently relaxes the body and mind.
  • Serving as a wonderful appetizer, it relieves muscle tension, fights pain and discomfort in the abdomen, and helps in the management of dysmenorrhea.
  • It helps in calming the nervous system as a whole.
  • The root paste helps in the patient's recovery from any poisoning that may have been ingested as a result of the scorpion sting and insect bite.
  • By influencing GABA levels, this herb aids in the body's reduction of stress and anxiety.
  • In addition, it supports many other neurological conditions and blood pressure maintenance.
  • This plant has a calming quality, which makes it suitable for use as a relaxant and in patients with epilepsy.
  • It functions as a diuretic in the urinary system and, because of its stimulating properties, it also attempts to alleviate dysmenorrhea and infertility.
  • Additionally beneficial for blood-related disorders including psoriasis and herpes, as well as skin-related ones.
  • When this herb is applied to patients with elevated body temperatures, it helps to calm the body down.

Part used



  • You may give up to 1-3 grams of root powder.
  • If this dosage is exceeded, it may induce nausea, hiccups, and vertigo.

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