Talisa Patra (Abies Webbiana)

Indian silver fir, or Talisa patra. The talisa patra's scientific name is Abies Webbiana. The Pinaceae family includes it. Known as the pine family of conifers, Pinaceae is a recognized family. These are indigenous to the temperate north.

Tall and evergreen, Talisa patra has robust branches that extend horizontally. Growing to 60 meters is possible. The plant has brown bark that is tough. Brown hairs that are short and tiny cover the young shoots. The tiny branches are encircled by a single, thin, flat, linear, and spiral arrangement of leaves. These measure 2 mm in width and 1 to 3 inches in length. The uppermost portion of the leaves is dark green in color and incredibly shiny. A midrib protrudes from the upper surface and runs down the center, with two thin lines visible on either side of the midrib below. The plant produces winged seeds. The plant has extremely short, grayish-brown petioles. Although the flowers are monoecious, both male and female flowers can coexist on the same plant. The talisa patra fruit has a round or rectangular shape, grows to a height of 2 to 4 inches, and when fully mature, the cones turn a dark purple color. This plant tastes astringent and has an odor similar to terebinthine.

General Information

Abies Webbiana, also known as Talisa patra, is a plant used in Ayurveda medicine. Depending on the characteristics of its leaves, it is referred to by several names in different parts of the country, including Rhododendron Anthopogen in Nepal and Punjab, Taxus Baccata in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat, and Cinnamomum Tamal in the north. One species in the Abies genus resembles Abies Webbiana in a very similar way. The young shoots of that plant have hairless fruits that are smaller and higher in fat content.

This herb helps in vata and kapha balancing. According to Ayurveda, the plant's leaves can treat a variety of conditions, including gulma (tumor), hikka (hiccups), kasa (cough), krimi (helminthiasis), chhardi (vomiting), mukharoga (mouth illnesses), amadosha, and amoebiasis. Anti-inflammatory, antifertility, febrifuge, central nervous system depressant properties, antibacterial, antifungal, antitumor, antispasmodic, antitussive, mast cell stabilizing, and anxiolytic are just a few of the properties that this plant possesses. Additionally, talisa patra works well against conditions including rheumatism, hyperglycemia, and conception.

There is a wide variety of phytochemicals in talisa patra. Abiestine, bioflavonoids, bita-sitosterol, n-triacontanol, and two glycosides—betuloside and methylbetuloside—are among their constituents. Additionally, it includes essential oils that are primarily composed of camphene, bornyl acetate, carvone, limonene, beta-pinene, and alpha-pinene. There are a few other chemical components as well. These include lipids, biflavonoid, amino acids, phytosterols, steroids, tannins, saponins, and alkaloids like 1-(4'-methoxyphenyl)-aziridine.


  • Kingdom - Plantae
  • Sub-Kingdom – Viridiplantae
  • Infra Kingdom – Streptophyta
  • Super Divison - Embryophyta
  • Divison - Tracheophyta
  • Sub Divison - Spermatophytina
  • Class - Pinopsida
  • Subclass - Pinidae
  • Order - Pinales
  • Family - Pinaceae
  • Genus - Abies
  • Species - Webbiana


It is extensively distributed between 2800 and 10,000 feet up in the higher Himalayan regions. Assam, Nepal, Bengal, and Kashmir are the areas where talisa Patra is seen growing.

Alternative Names Of The Talisa Patra

  • Sanskrit Name -Thalees, Dhaatriparni, Shukodara, Thalispatra.
  • English Name - Talispatra,  Himalayan Silver Fir.
  • Hindi Name - Thaleesa Patra, Talispatra
  • Bengali Name – Tallish Pala, Talispatra
  • Malayalam Name – Thaleesapathram
  • Kannada Name – Talisapathra, Shukodara, Tales Patra.
  • Assamese Name – Talish
  • Unani Name – Talisapattar
  • Marathi Name – Laghu Taleespatra
  • Telugu Name – Taleesapatri
  • Nepali Name – Gobray Salla
  • Urdu Name – Zarnab
  • Tamil Name – Talispatra, Taleesapatri
  • Oriya Name – Talis
  • Gujrati Name – Tallish Patra
  • Bhutia Name – Dunshing
  • Folk Name – Raisalla, Talispatra, Chilrow, Badar, Morinda

Ayurvedic Properties


Hindi / Sanskrit


Rasa (Taste)

Madhur, Tikta

Sweet, Bitter

Guna (Physical Property)

Laghu, Tikshana

Light, Sharp

Virya (Potency)



Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



Effects On Doshas

It helps to balance Vata and Kapha Dosha.

Practical Uses

  • In addition to being a febrifuge and central nervous system depressant, Talisa patra also possesses antibacterial, antifungal, antitumor, antispasmodic, antitussive, female antifertility, mast cell stabilizing, anxiolytic, anti-inflammatory, antifertility, and antibacterial properties.
  • Leaves of Talisa patra are useful in treating colds, sneezes, nasal congestion, and watery discharge.
  • The plant's leaves include antitussive, anti-inflammatory, and mucolytic qualities that aid in opening up airways and dissolving thick lung mucus. It also lessens the creation of mucous. Thus, generally aids in lowering bronchitis and asthma.
  • Because of its broncho-dilation effect, it facilitates easier breathing.
  • It lessens the tension brought on by coughing and asthma.
  • The flower's leaves help in boosting appetite.
  • This provides relief from involuntary muscle spasms.
  • It decreases fever and inflammation.
  • It helps in the body's detoxification.
  • Rheumatism is treated using it.
  • It also serves as a heart tonic.
  • It helps when you throw up.
  • Dental issues can also be effectively treated with it.

Parts Used

  • Leaves


  • 1 to 2 grams.

Things to remember

  • Vertigo, heartburn, stomach discomfort, and mouth ulcers might result from an excess or overdosage of it.
  • It is advised to use it during pregnancy and lactation under physician supervision.

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