Bibhitaki / Beheda(Terminalia bellirica)

India is home to the big, deciduous Bibhitaki tree, which can grow up to 30 meters tall. The tree's straight trunk is a brownish-gray tint. Long, oval, alternating leaves are grouped near the ends of branches. This measure 10–12 cm in length and 7–14 cm in width. Simple, solitary flowers have an unpleasant odor and are either white or yellow in color. The Baheda Flower season is from May to June. The lower section of the plant is female, while the upper part is male. Baheda Fruits are ovoid-shaped, grey-colored drupes. The hard fruit covering contains delicious kernels that have a sweet flavor. Although lacking ridges, its fruit resembles the haritaki fruit.

General Description

The herb that makes one courageous, Bibhitaki, also known as baheda, is one of the components of triphala, which also includes Haritaki, Bibhitaki, and Amalaki. This plant is excellent for nourishing the body's dhatus and calming the tridosha. Fruit pulp is excellent for nourishing the eyes, promoting hair growth, and preventing hoarseness. It is also used to treat insomnia and has a modest sedative effect. This herb produces astonishing results and works incredibly well on all seven dhatus. Sitosterol, egalic acid, galic acid, galloyl glucose, chebugalic acid, protein, oxalic acid, tannins, galactose, glucose, mannitol, fructose, chebulasic acid, and ramnose are only a few of the chemical substances found in this plant.

Special Note

It aids in calming all three doshas, but is particularly useful for calming the kapha dosha. The body's three primary tissues, rasa dhatu (plasma), mamsa dhatu (muscle), and asthi dhatu (bone), are all very well supported by bibhitaki.

The following terms are used for Bibhitaki:-

  • Rasayan - Rejuvenating in nature
  • Chakshushya - Herb beneficial for eyes
  • Keshya - Very beneficial for hair
  • Kanthya - Very effective for throat


Bibhitaki is a sizable deciduous tree that is native to India and has over 100 kinds worldwide. Southeast Asia's lower hills and plains are frequent locations for it. It is widely distributed in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Maharashtra in India.


  • Kingdom - Plantae
  • Order - Myrtales
  • Family - Combretaceae
  • Bibhitaki Names

  • In English - Baheda
  • In Latin - Terminalia bellerica
  • In Hindi - Baheda
  • In Sanskrit - Vibhitak, Akshay, Karshfala, Kalidrum
  • In Bengali - Bayada
  • In Punjabi - Baheda
  • In Telugu - Vadikaya
  • In Dravidi - Tanikooya
  • In Kannada - Tarekapi
  • In Arabic - Balelaj
  • In Persian - Talelah
  • In Farsi - Baleel

  • Ayurvedic Properties


    Hindi / Sanskrit


    Rasa (Taste)



    Guna (Physical Property)

    Laghu, Ruksha

    Light, Dry

    Virya (Potency)



    Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste)



    Effects on Doshas

    It balances Pitta and Kapha doshas.

    Charak Samhita

    Sushrut Samhita and Vagbhata

    • Jawarhara - Fever-relieving herbs.
    • Kasahara - Herbs that are beneficial for a cough and a cold.
    • Virechnopaga – Herbs used in purgation therapy.

    Mustadi group

    Practical Uses

    • Triphala contains the herb Terminalia bellerica. It has a laxative effect and is employed in purgation therapy.
    • Fruit has natural antibacterial properties and is used to treat numerous diseases.
    • It has a revitalizing quality and is excellent for hair development.
    • Bibhitaki is effective for coughing, asthma, a common cold, and hoarseness of voice. It stops sputum bleeding and obstructed phlegm.
    • To relieve swelling and irritation, swollen areas are massaged with fruit paste's seed oil. Rheumatism is where it works best.
    • This herb's seed oil is also helpful for skin conditions and early hair graying. Additionally, it promotes hair development and aids in giving hair a black color.
    • Fruit paste is also used on the eyelids to treat conjunctivitis and is helpful for a number of eye conditions, including cataracts, corneal opacity, and myopia.
    • Additionally, it aids in the treatment of various worm infestations as well as lack of appetite, thirst, bloating, and gas. Seed kernel decoction is used to treat excessive thirst and vomiting.
    • This plant's ripe fruit has an astringent and anti-diarrheal effect.
    • It has aphrodisiac properties, delays aging, and boosts immunity to fend off many ailments.
    • This herb also lowers cholesterol levels and is good for blood pressure. This tree's bark can treat cardiac conditions and chest pain.
    • For mouthwash and gargles, use bibhitaki.
    • It effectively treats dysuria.
    • The herb is helpful for lung and lung-related conditions.
    • Pitta and Kapha doshas are calmed by it.


    Powder - 3-6gm

    Parts Used

    • Fruit rind
    • Seeds
    • Seed kernels

    Ayumantra’s Ayurveda Product

    Bhibitaki Capsules ( Terminalia Bellirica )

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