Lungwort (Pulmonaria Officinalis)

Lungwort, also known as Pulmonaria officinalis, is a brave plant that has been used for a very long time to cure a variety of lung conditions all over the world. In contrast to other early seasonal plants like ferns, hellebores, cristata, and iris, this perennial plant grows well. These plants are native to Western Asia and Europe, however, they cannot be grown elsewhere. Lungwort comes in about eighteen species, all of which grow very large. The taxonomy of the lungwort genus, however, is quite unclear. Pulmonaria is its botanical name, which comes from the Latin word Pulmo, which means lung. Even yet, the word lung in its popular name, lungwort, alludes to the plant's therapeutic value for the lungs. The doctrine of signature, which dates back thousands of years, postulates that ailments of a particular organ can be cured by using herbs or plant parts that resemble those organs. At that time, lungwort was also shown to be useful in treating pulmonary issues. The leaves' gray patches suggest lung infection. Typically, respiratory issues, stomach and intestine conditions, renal problems, and urinary tract problems are treated with this herb. It is also used to treat TB, cough, and fluid retention.

Lungwort is not to be confused with lungmoss, a distinct herb.

General Description

These plants are herbaceous, perennial, and evergreen. Its hair, which varies in length and rigidity, covers its blossoms. It occasionally may also have glands. This plant's underground portion is made up of adventitious roots and a rhizome that grows slowly beneath the surface. These plants thrive in clean environments because they are extremely sensitive to contaminants in their surroundings. Lungwort's presence therefore indicates a healthy ecology. The rough, unbranched, hair-covered stems are around 30 cm in length. These flowering stems stand upright and spread somewhat. The leaves are arranged in rosettes and are either light green, blue, or black in hue. Calyx is hairy, five-lobed, and funnel-shaped. Some species of Lepidoptera use lungwort as a feeding source for their larvae.

  • Common Name- Lungwort
  • Botanical Name- Pulmonaria officinalis
  • Family- Boraginaceae


Lungwort is typically grown in gardens since it is an ornamental plant in its natural habitat. They thrive in moist, shady spots and bloom pink or blue in the early spring and late winter. Accompanying it are several heart-shaped leaf clusters. In the summer, these leaves have a mottling or marbling effect.

Part Used

Typically, lungwort plant leaves are utilized.


Lungwort is commonly known to include phytochemicals such as Saponins, quercetin, tannic acid, kaempferol, flavonoids, chercholtannins, allantoin, and Silicic acid.

Medicinal Properties

  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-irritant
  • Supplement for the lungs
  • Digestive
  • Diuretic
  • Antibiotic

Therapeutic Benefits

  • Lungwort's high mucilage concentration relieves respiratory conditions such as chronic bronchitis and asthma.
  • It prevents and treats pulmonary illnesses such as TB and other bacterial lung diseases because of its antibiotic qualities.
  • This herb can also help with cough, colds, and catarrh.
  • It helps alleviate irritation or irritating factors in the lungs because of its anti-irritant and relaxing properties.
  • Traditional medicine uses lungwort to treat respiratory conditions like asthma, TB, coughing, and catarrh. This herb can also be used to treat other chest ailments.
  • This plant has a lot of phytochemicals, which makes it an excellent source of antioxidants. Therefore, when used properly, it can aid in maintaining general wellness and slowing down the aging process. Using natural antioxidants contributes to younger-looking, healthier skin.
  • Drinking tea made from lungwort plant can be calming and beneficial for numerous digestive issues. It aids in the relief of diarrhea, indigestion, gas, bloating, and acidity. This herb's diuretic properties help to relieve bloating by removing excess water from the body.
  • Lungwort paste can be applied to the affected area to cure minor cuts and wounds.
  • Its inherent diuretic action aids in the treatment of renal problems and recurrent UTIs. The body can eliminate accumulated toxins due to the diuretic action of the herbs.
  • Lungwort serves as an excellent natural supplement for the lungs in addition to preventing respiratory tract illnesses. This herb supports the preservation of lung health and function.

Side effects

  • Some people may experience an allergic reaction, such as rashes.
  • It is safe for anyone to take and has not shown any negative side effects. But remember, before using any herb, get advice from an Ayurvedic doctor or herbalist.

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